Bible study 65 – Exodus 15

The Israelites sing a violent song about how God struck terror in all the people of the world by killing all the Egyptian soldiers.

One of the lines read “Who is like you, O Lord, among the gods?” This makes very little sense if you think that the Bible presupposes that God is the only god that exists; more likely, it is the most explicit reference so far to the polytheistic world-view of early Judaism. I believe there will be many more references to this later in the Bible; the original twelve kingdoms worshipped Abraham’s God as the most important god, but acknowledged the existence of others (such as Baal and Moloch). Later exile in Assyria and Babylon lead to the doctrine of strict monotheism, which was carried over to Christianity.

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