Bible study 101 – Leviticus 11Posted: January 12, 2017
Finally, we get to the rules of Leviticus that actually pertain to normal Jews in a world without a temple; these rules are still followed by many Jews today.
This chapter concerns what animals you can eat. It’s pretty surrealistic. Any land-animals with divided hoofs and which chews the cud; any marine animals with fins and scales; any birds but the ones in a long list (which includes “bats”); and some winged insects. Weasels, mice and lizards are specifically prohibited. I guess the prohibited ones are the “unclean” animals mentioned in Genesis 7, although God hadn’t taught humans these rules at that point.
The rest of the chapter concerns what happens if you or any object touches the carcass of any of the prohibited animals. Basically you or the object becomes “unclean”, and has to be washed and wait until the evening to become “clean”.
But among the winged insects that walk on all fours you may eat those that have jointed legs above their feet, with which to leap on the ground.