Bible study 109 – Leviticus 19Posted: January 20, 2017
OK, this chapter is a mix of rules from Exodus (including most of the first ten commandments) and Leviticus; most of them slightly modified, and a few completely new ones. But it is written in a seemingly random order, and with no context, so it looks kind of insane. I will mention only the new rules:
Don’t mock deaf people or “put a stumbling block before the blind”.
When judging people, ignore whether they are rich or poor.
Don’t hate other Israelites, but instead “love your neighbor as yourself.” This is quoted by Jesus as the most important law of the Torah/Pentateuch, but he is clearly cherry-picking; it is literally the first time in Leviticus that the word “love” is even used (I’m assuming this is true in the original Hebrew text as well), and the phrase isn’t even remotely representative of either Genesis, Exodus or Leviticus. I was actually really surprised when I saw it, because it is so different from all the other laws and commandments so far.
Don’t let animals breed with different species; only use one kind of seed for each field; and don’t use clothes made of several kinds of fabric.
Don’t kill men who has sex with slaves who were meant for other men, just have them do a guilt offering instead.
Don’t eat fruit from trees until they are five years old.
Don’t tattoo or mark your skin, and avoid some poorly specified beard- and hair styles.
Don’t let your daughter become a prostitute (although someone clearly become prostitutes, because they are mentioned over and over in the Bible as a normal part of life).
Respect old people.
You shall not take vengeance or bear a grudge against any of your people, but you shall love your neighbor as yourself: I am the Lord.